The important city of ancient Olynthos was the most important political, economical and military center of Halkidiki from the 5th to the 3rd BC century. The ancient city was built on two hills. The South and the North. At the place of excavation which is open to visitors, there have been found ancient tombs, ancient coins, and uniquely beautiful mosaics dating to various eras of Greek history.
Mount Athos or Agion Oros, as it is locally known, is the oldest surviving monastic community in the world. It dates back more than a thousand years, to Byzantine times. It is a unique monastic republic, which, although part of Greece, it is governed by its own local administration.
According to the legend Panagia, the Virgin Mary and Mother of God, was sailing accompanied by St John the Evangelist on her way from Joppa to Cyprus to visit Lazarus. When the ship was blown out of course to then pagan Athos it was forced to drop anchor near the port of Klement, close to the present monastery of Iviron. The Virgin walked ashore and, overwhelmed by the wonderful and wild
natural beauty of the mountain she blessed it and asked her Son for it to be her garden.
MARKET OF N. MOUDANIA
Nea Moudania, hosts the area’s biggest market on Wednesday mornings. Browse the brightly coloured stalls for clothes, handicrafts and locally grown olives before it packs up at noon.
CAVE OF PETRALONA
Besides its importance for the natural beauty and size, the cave is very important, as it presents anthropological and paleontological interest. In 1960, during the exploration works,the most important finding was the cranium of a primitive man, unique in Greece, which is now at the University of Thessaloniki. He lived about 200,000 years ago, belongs to a transitional form, between Homo Erectus (the Standing Man) and Homo Sapiens (the Wise Man) and is the oldest testimony to the presence of humans in Greece.